Thursday, April 23, 2015

E-Cigarette Use in the Past and Quitting Behavior in the Future: A Population-Based Study.

E-cigarettes do not appear to help smokers quit. This study found that smokers who ever used e-cigarettes were almost 50% less likely to decrease cigarette consumption and over 50% less likely to quit for 30 days or more at follow-up.  (Am J Public Health. 2015 Apr 16:e1-e7.)
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Thursday, April 16, 2015

Exercise programs for people with dementia.

Exercise programs in people with dementia appear to help maintain their ability to perform basic activities of daily living.  (Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Apr 15;4:CD006489.)
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Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Induction of labour versus expectant management for large-for-date fetuses: a randomised controlled trial.

Induction of labor in women with suspected large-for-date fetuses was associated with a reduced risk of shoulder dystocia and associated morbidity compared with expectant management. Induction of labor in these women also increased the likelihood of spontaneous vaginal delivery.  (Lancet. 2015 Apr 8. pii: S0140-6736(14)61904-8.)
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Saturday, March 7, 2015

Sotalol

SOTALOL: a class II antiarrhythmic and non-selective beta blocker used for life threatening ventricular arrhythmias as well as atrial fibrillation.  (Epocrates)
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Sunday, February 15, 2015

Mindfulness and False-Memories: The Impact of Mindfulness Practice on the DRM Paradigm.

Mindfulness meditation was found to increase recognition of true memories without affecting spontaneous false-memories, however, it did appear to increase the rate of provoked false-memories.  (J Psychol. 2015 Feb 6:1-17.)
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Tuesday, February 10, 2015

Hyperthyroidism Increases Fracture Risk?

Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and the risk for fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
QUESTION: is subclinical hyperthyroidism associated with an increased fracture risk?

METHODS: a systematic review was performed.

RESULTS: there where 50,245 participants with 1966 hip and 3281 nonspine fractures in the pooled studies. People with subclinical hyperthyroidism had a 38% increased risk for hip fractures and a 20% increased risk for nonspine fractures.

CONCLUSION: there was a large heterogeneity in the studies evaluated so the conclusions are preliminary. However, this analysis suggests that subclinical hyperthyroidism is associated with an increased fracture risk.

Ann Intern Med. 2014 Aug 5;161(3):189-99